Cockroach Elimination and Control NJ and PA

Cockroach Library Shortcuts

What is a Cockroach?

Cockroaches are generalized insects with few special adaptations, and may be among the most primitive living insects. They have relatively small heads, a broad, flattened body, and most species are reddish-brown to dark brown.

Cockroaches are common pests that infest both houses and commercial buildings where there is food, warmth and/or moisture. There are multiple different species of cockroaches that can be found in the New Jersey Oriental, German, and American. They are mainly active at night and are often found in homes and restaurants. Unlike pests that primarily feed off of outdoors vegetation, cockroaches are drawn to things that are commonly found in homes such as store-bought food, toothpaste, and kitchen sponges.

Types of Cockroaches


Compare the 3

Roach German Oriental American
Size 0.51–0.63 in 0.71–1.14 in 1.1–2.1 in
Preferred temperature 59–95 °F] 68–86 °F 68–84 °F
Nymphal development 54–215 days 75–95 °F 164–542 days 72–86 °F 150–360 days 77–86 °F
Lifespan Around 200 days 35–190 days 90–706 days
Able to fly? Uncommon No Yes


The German cockroach is found throughout the world in association with humans. They are unable to survive in locations away from humans or human activity. The availability of water, food, and harborage governs the ability to establish populations, and limit growth.  It has three life stages typical of insects with incomplete metamorphosis: the egg, nymph, and adult. 

The entire life cycle is completed in about 100 days. However, factors such as temperature, nutritional status, and strain differences may influence the time required to complete a life cycle but also breed continuously with many overlapping generations present at any one time. 

Adult are typically 1/2 to 5/8 inch long and are tan to light brown in color. Although they have fully developed wings, they do not fly. They are best identified by their small size and two dark parallel lines or “racing stripes” running from the back of the head to the wings. 

The German cockroach is omnivorous, eating table scraps, pet food, and even book bindings.

The American cockroach has spread throughout the world by commerce. It is found mainly in basements, sewers, steam tunnels, and drainage systems. Also readily found in commercial/large buildings such as restaurants, grocery stores, bakeries, and anywhere food is prepared and stored. 

Outdoors, they are found in moist shady areas such as hollow trees, wood piles, and mulch. They are occasionally found under roof shingles and in attics. These cockroaches dwell outside, but will wander indoors to search for food and water or to avoid extreme weather conditions. Areas such as trees, woodpiles, garbage facilities, and accumulations of organic debris around homes provide adequate food, water, and harborages for cockroaches such as the American cockroach.

They migrate into houses and apartments from sewers via the plumbing, trees and shrubs located alongside buildings or with branches overhanging roofs. During the day the American cockroach responds negatively to light and rests in harborages close to water pipes, sinks, baths, and toilets where they fine best for survival.

American cockroaches are one of the largest cockroaches that invade homes and adult American cockroaches are reddish brown or mahogany colored. Both male and female American cockroaches develop wings as adults and can fly. They have three life stages: the egg, a variable number of nymphal instars, and the adult

The entire life cycle is completed in about 600 days. Environmental factors such as temperature and humidity affect the developmental time of the American cockroach. Outdoors, the female shows a preference for moist, concealed sites.

American roaches will feed on beer, pet food, fermenting fruits and vegetables, as well as human food.

Oriental cockroaches are 1 to 1/4 inch long and are red-brown and black in color. They have a distinct shiny, dark body which separates them from other cockroaches..

The oriental cockroach, also known as the waterbug or black beetle is a large species of cockroach. To thrive, cockroaches need a place to hide. They prefer warm places and relatively high humidity; they also need a source of food/liquid. Cockroaches are mainly nocturnal. Oriental cockroaches can be elusive in that a casual inspection of an infested dwelling during the day may show no signs of roach activity. Oriental cockroaches can be found in usually damp places such as sewer pipes, sink drains, and any other form of damp areas in households.

The life span of an adult female is 5 to 26 weeks with approximately 200 offspring. Eggs hatch in about 60 days under room temperature conditions.. 

Oriental cockroaches will feed on almost anything, including decaying organic matter and trash. They often live in rarely used damp areas of properties.

What causes Cockroaches?

Cockroach infestations

Cockroach infestations most often begin when someone unknowingly brings an infested item inside. Poor sanitation such as leaving out food or dirty dishes, can encourage an infestation since this type of clutter provides a good food source. American roaches usually come from drains or sewers and make their way into working or living areas. The adults are very strong flyers, allowing them to easily migrate from building to building. Cockroaches also are drawn to less visited areas near sewers and drainage where they can live among the moisture and clutter you may have made by boxes and papers left in various dark areas throughout your home. Without addressing a cockroach infestation, they can multiply very quickly.

Are Cockroaches dangerous?

Cockroaches can cause major infestations and are quite unsanitary. They are a major source of food contamination leading to food poisoning and have also been found to cause allergies in humans. Known to frequently live in sewers, bringing these conditions with them as they migrate indoors. Pet food bowels are also an easy target for cockroaches, making them a health threat to your dog or cat. Cockroaches can bite humans, but it’s highly unlikely. Although the odds are in your favor, there have been reported cases of cockroaches biting nails, eyelashes, and calloused skin on heels.

Can I get rid of Cockroaches myself?

Keeping your property as tidy as possible will help but not totally eliminate them! A tidy home is less inviting to these unsanitary pests and an important factor in dealing with any cockroach problem. For example, keeping your home free of food debris, keeping trashcans, floors and counters clean. Unlike many household pests, cockroaches are prevalent year-round and require pest professional services in order to gain effective control and eliminate them.


How can I prevent Cockroaches?

The single most important thing you can do to prevent a cockroach infestation is keeping your home as sanitary as possible. This means avoiding clutter (especially paper bags and cardboard), making sure that no food is left out, and keeping floors and counters clean. Ensure that gaps around drain pipes underneath places such as your kitchen and bathroom sinks are properly sealed. If you see cockroaches in your home, you should call a pest control professional immediately. The problem will not go away on its own and will escalate quickly if not addressed.

Use these helpful tips to avoid cockroach infestations:

  • Eliminate as much clutter as possible. Do not store paper bags or cardboard.
  • Do not leave open food or dirty dishes out overnight or while you are away during the day.
  • Do not leave open containers of food on counters or cabinets.
  • Keep your trash can and the area around the trash can clean, and remove trash on a regular basis.
  • Keep the counters and floor clean, especially under and behind refrigerators, ovens, sinks, etc.

How does E&G Pest Solutions get rid of cockroaches?

At E&G Pest Solutions, we attack cockroach problems head-on with targeted baiting and chemical applications. There are many options that we offer to eliminate and control the cockroach populations in your home.

Optional Service Plans

“One Time” Service

This service comes with a 30 day service warranty with as needed service within 30 days. If service is needed after 30 days we offer an optional renewal for an additional 30 days at cheaper cost.

Monthly Service

One time service per month at a cost and follow up services included if needed within the month.

Quarterly Service

At E&G Pest Solutions we offer quarterly services according to your specific needs. Our quarterly plan is designed to provide preventive pest control for your home, four times per year; including in between follow ups if needed. 

Yearly Service

As needed service throughout the year for one cost, an optional renewal each year after for a cheaper cost and this cost stays the same throughout the lifetime with the company.

Home Protection

The Home Protection Plan is a substantial value for the homeowner that does not want to be bothered by crawling insects, mice, and wasps. The Home Protection Plan provides preventive pest and rodent control for your home, all year round.


How soon can you get here?

Same day or next day service availability! At E&G Pest Solutions, our goal is to provide fast, convenient service, with the peace of mind that you are in good hands. We understand that pest problems can be stressful and overwhelming, so we strive to provide exceptional service.

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